In developed countries, the academic entrepreneurship makes up a very important element of academic environment actvites. For some tme, the increase in the role of technology transfer and knowledge commercialisaton has been also promoted in Poland. Strong connectons between the scholarship and the economy (in the future, within the university of the third generaton) have a chance to build an economy based on knowledge in our country. The ﬂow of knowledge and the introducton of new solutons (results of scholarly research) in enterprises take place through the intermediary of various methods of transfer and commercialisaton paths. Independent of the manner, each fulfls an important role in the public life and economy. This is confrmed by the experience of the States that are recognised as innovaton leaders, and presented in the paper as examples of Polish scholars’ academic entrepreneurship.
Keywords: academic entrepreneurship, technology transfer, commercialisaton, spin-oﬀ companies, technological cooperaton.